In 1998, SB 2042 was enacted in California requiring candidates acquiring a preliminary teaching credential to pass a state-approved multiple measures teaching performance assessment with demonstrated validity and reliability to receive an initial license in CA. The Performance Assessment for California Teachers (PACT) consortium was formed in 2001. Twelve institutions initially joined together to create a portfolio-based assessment that reflects how teacher candidates plan and teach specific subject matter with the needs of all of their learners in mind. The PACT was the teaching performance assessment used in 32 IHEs and internship programs that were customized to seventeen different credential areas. By completing PACT, teaching candidates created a Teaching Event that was an extended documentation of a segment of student teaching. Integrated across the domains of teaching, Planning, Instruction, Assessment, Reflection and Academic Language, PACT required candidates to demonstrate both content pedagogical knowledge and higher order thinking skills. In Fall 2007, PACT was formally approved by the California Commission for Teacher Credentialing as a reliable and valid teaching performance assessment for use in credentialing decisions. The 2008-09 academic year assessed the first cohort of graduates who were required to pass the assessment to be recommended by a PACT institution for a California teaching credential.
PACT has been in use since the 2002-03 school year, and institutions have used the data generated by PACT to make program adjustments resulting in improved candidate performance. The California Commission on Teacher Credentialing approved PACT in 2007 as meeting its reliability and validity standards for rigorous teaching performance assessments. We used PACT as a starting point for continued development. We subjected the PACT handbooks and rubrics to review and critique by participating states and preparation programs, and used that critique to create a consensus list of assessment features. In collaboration with a development team we designed a prototype assessment for piloting in 1-2 credential areas.
Technical Advisory Committee
- Lloyd Bond, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
- Tony Bryk, Center for the Advanced Study of the Behavioral Sciences
- Bob Calfee, UC-Riverside School of Education
- Maryl Gearheart, UC-Berkeley
- Ed Haertel, Stanford University School of Education
- Kenji Hakuta, Stanford University School of Education
- Joan Herman, CRESST
- Pamela Moss, University of Michigan
- Roy Pea, Stanford University
- David Pearson, UC-Berkeley, School of Education
- Rich Shavelson, Stanford University School of Education
- Lee Shulman, Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
- Randy Souviney, UC-San Diego, Department of Teacher Education
- Judith Warren Little, UC-Berkeley
- Mark Wilson, UC-Berkeley
What is PACT?
PACT (Performance Assessment for California Teachers) is a consortium of teacher preparation programs at 30universities, 1 district internship program, and 1 charter school network. These institutions have joined together to develop a teacher performance assessment. Successful completion of the teaching performance assessment will be required to earn a California Preliminary Multiple Subject or Single Subject Teaching Credential.
The teaching performance assessment consists of the Teaching Event and Embedded Signature Assessments (ESAs). Multiple Subject (elementary) candidates complete three additional Teaching Event tasks so that they are assessed in each of the core content areas (literacy, mathematics, history-social science, and science) taught in elementary schools. The Teaching Event measures the Teaching Performance Expectations (TPEs), which are teaching standards for California student teachers. The customized ESAs, which measure selected Teaching Performance Expectations, are developed by each program.
We are grateful to the following for generously funding PACT activities and research from 2002 to the present: Carnegie Corporation, CSU Chancellor’s Office, Flora Family Foundation, Hewlett Foundation, Morgan Family Foundation, National Science Foundation (subcontract through UC-Riverside), and the UC Office of the President.